The existence of agriculture dates back to extremely old times and has sustained civilizations all this time. However, owing to changing factors in the environment, effective agriculture has always been a challenging task lately. To keep the adverse effects of the depleting nature, agricultural methods have always needed to be updated and revolutionized.
In the 21st century, there have been some innovations with little costs and limited use of technology that have made a huge difference in the agriculture productivity. These techniques have not only benefitted the farmers but to the areas those farmers supply to, since they also get unlimited supplies of healthy crops.
Innovation # 1: Food Forest
Food forests are a new trend in the west and have been proved extremely successful. These man-made forests cater for all the food needs of the area around. They are constructed by keeping layers of vegetation in mind; the layer closest to the ground of plants is made of all the plants that provide food, then there is the slightly bigger layer of bushes followed by the bigger trees towering the rest of the plantation. The purpose of the plantation in these forests is just not providing food but also a safe habitat for animals and to promote farming activities to people living around.
Innovation # 2: Deep Placement of the Fertilizers
Traditionally what farmers have always done is that they have manually sprinkled the fertilizers over their crops so it sits on top of the soil. However, the latest technique suggested to many is to actually bury the fertilizers deep in the soil. When the fertilizers are planted 7-10 centimeters bellow the ground, the yield increases up to 18% and the fertilizer use also decreases considerably. This is because when the fertilizers break down below the soil, their maximum nutrition is absorbed.
Innovation # 3: Higher Ceiling for the Greenhouses
This innovation is more suitable for farms which strive to produce more yields but cannot to do so due to lack of space. Greenhouses are a wonderful place to grow crops but their productivity is often limited to their small sizes. What many farmers have recently started doing is that they have increased the size of the greenhouses vertically to support taller plantation, giving them more options of crops.
Innovation # 4: Maximizing the use of Rainwater
This idea hasn’t really spread the way it had to, considering the numerous benefits it has. Not many people have been able to recognize the benefits that rainwater can bring to their agricultural activities. Contaminated water is a problem to human health as well as the quality of crops. To counter this, rainwater can be used as it is in the purest of form, full of nutrients and in some areas, in abundance too. Plus, this would also help conserve water resources for later, more needful days. Installing water barrels to collect the rain water is one-time investment and adds much to the agriculture efficiency.
These innovations, as you can see are not about expenses and high technology. They are all about ideas to make the most of nature and produce quality along with quantity.